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This project was done in collaboration with Patricia Hanson in 2010 at Manual Arts High School.

New buildings are under construction at Manual Arts High School. The contractors are given a hurry up notice in order to ensure the buildings are ready for use on September 12. The following teachers are assigned to take charge of the several departments: J. C. Bostwick, mechanical arts; Irvin Hague, commercial department; Mary Estes Groves, music; Mrs. Eva C. Farnum, mathematics; N. Lousie Grant, head of history department.
Manual Arts Opens & Relieves Pressure. Manual Arts High School opens and accepts 1,000 students after Polytechnic High School reaches its maximum student capacity of 2,000, after a 10,000 pupil increase since last year. The city's new total school enrollment is approximately 60,000 students. City Superintendent Francis expresses great pleasure in knowing that Polytechnic no longer has to turn students away because there is now room to spare with about 1,000 free spots.
Railway Car Barns Protested by Principal. The Pacific Electric Railway proposes to build car barns (garages) immediately opposite Manual Arts High School, on the south side of the Agricultural Park. Manual Arts High School princiapl Dr. Albert E. Wilson protests the building of the car barns at a mass meeting held on September 17 at Forty-eight Street and Central Avenue. He notes that the Board of Education bought ten acres to prospectively expand the school (a total cost of $500,000) and that "girl students" would have "to pass where many of the carmen are off duty, although he wishe[s] to make it clear that he has a high regard for the men generally." A railway representative rebuttles claiming that the barns are not detrimental to the neighborhood. A committee is appointed to the case.
Manual Arts High School Dedication. Manual Arts High School is officially dedicated with an assembly that includes students, parents, teachers and school staff. President Scott of the Board of Education reminds students to take pride in the appearance of their school and says "it is good to have clean finger nails, it [is] still better to have able bodies and clean tongues and back of these, clean minds and hearts." Polytechnic and Los Angeles High School teachers also welcome the new student body during the assembly where everyone sings "America" and "the Manual Arts High School song," specifically composed for the occasion. The special event ends with the raising of the flag on a 90 foot pole with a shining gold sphere on top and a fun game of football.
Students Arrested for Stealing Books. Frank Summers, age 16, is arrested on a petty larceny charge. Summers is accused of stealing books from Manual Arts High School since last September, when books begin disappearing almost on a daily basis. The young man sells some books at Holmes Book Store on South Main Street and on February 27 shows up trying to sell some more. A few days later Charles Hart, the nephew of a teacher from Manual Arts High School whose books were stolen, sees the missing books at Holmes and after asking about them, a description of the boy who sold them is issued. The description is not that of Frank Summers therefore detectives conclude that more than one person is responsible for the stolen books.
USC beats Manual Arts High School in Track. A dual track meet between the University of Southern California's Academy and Manual Arts High School takes place on March 22 in the Vermont campus. This is the first time that the new field at the high school is used and the student body shows up in full force so much that they overrun the field until the judges intervene. The final score is 86 points for USC and 44 points for Manual Arts High School.
Exercising During Lunch. Manual Arts High School's latest athletic addition is track meets during lunch time every other day. According to Physical Director Rice, the originator of this idea, "the light meal that most students take at noon eliminates any possiblility of dangerous effects from over-exertion after eating." Currently the activities, which include track and field, running, hurdling, jumping, vaulting and throwing weights, are only open to the boys but a "less strenuous" program for girls is scheduled for later development. Students are asked to join noonday exercise and if successful it will be implemented at Polytechnic and other city high schools.


Model Aeroplane Meet Held at Manual Arts High School. The Spring meet of the the Curtiss Amateur Aviation Club is scheduled to take place on the morning of April 8 at Manual Arts High School. The aviation events include: "Start and Land in a given aquare, highest flights on a given amount of string, best glide, [and] best stability," with a point scale where five points are granted to the winner, three for second place and one for third. Participating models include seven miniature machines and five original ones, modeled after the Antoinette or Bleriot. The entries are "Charles Griffis, Grahame-White biplane, 'Silver Bell;' Holland Kinkaid, original biplane, 'Hummingbird;' Edwin Gettins, original monoplane, 'Mabel;' Clifford Henderson, original monoplane, 'Gladys;' Paul Heyburn, original monoplane, 'Buzzard;' Thurston Brooks, original biplane, 'No. 6;' Owen Harden, Curtiss biplane, 'No. 1.'"


Teacher Injured, Game Cancelled. After Professor Whitley's arm gets injured in the third inning of the students versus teachers baseball game during Manual Arts High School's Visitors Day, the contest is called off. Over several hundred people, ranging from the "most insignificant 'scrub' to the venerable head of the school, Dr. A. E. Wilson," are left waiting for the match. The rest of the program continues with a wrestling match, acrobatics and a number of "gymnasium exhibition[s] which include a dumb bell, wand, Indian club exercises and Scottish dances" by the female students.
First Open House! On the closing of the first year at Manual Arts High School, the doors are open to the public to display what students accomplish in every school department. Visitors are encouraged to openly make suggestions about the school. The forenoon and afternoon is packed with activities including "fancy" dancing of the gymnasium classes (some performances will be done in costume). At the close of the night there is a track meet and a baseball game of teachers versus students; the newly constructed bleachers are used for the first time. Most of the field's improvement is thanks to the cooperation between students.
Awesome Rugby Squad, No Coach. Captain Nolan Allen of Manual Arts High School has not been able to find a coach for his rugby team. After a very successful season last year (during their first attempt at interscholastic sports) Allen decides to instead coach the Southern California Athletic Club. The school's team is mostly composed of the same students from last year but every night there are thirty to forty students competing for the vacan spots. Games between some of the local schools are already arranged, which most likely means the rugby shall continue.
Book Binding Presentation. Mr. Greasinger of the Commercial Printing Company gives a talk during Ms. Nevell's Primary Manual Arts teacher meeting on Thursday afternoon. Greasinger outlines the craft from "its infancy to the present day," and asks for the superv education of all students but especially those that express an interest in book binding; he states "accuracy, as well as taste, judgment and skill, are prime requisites of this work."
New Administration Hall. The new administration building at Manual Arts High School designed by John Parkinson is dedicated. The building completes a three structure main portion of the school that includes an 1,800 person maximum capacity auditorium with a big stage. The dedication ceremony includes music by the boys' and girls' glee clubs and the mandolin club, and "fancy" dancing by the three girl students. Superintendent Francis claims that "one good man produced through the influence of the Manual Arts High School would be worth to the city of Los Angeles all the money the taxpayers have spent in its construction."
Students Perform The Pied Piper. Manual Arts High School students for the first time perform before an audience "The Pied Piper." Every school department joins the efforts to put on the play; costumes and most of the scenery are made by the art and domestic art department; the interpolated dances are performed by the gymnasium department; and the English department composes the play. "The Pied Piper" takes place in Hamelin, where a piper is hired to drive the rats from the village and after he is refused pay, the piper befriends the village children and takes them on a "randezvous in the hollow hill." In the end, the piper returns the children and is happy to kow the parents learned the "lesson of how to love their children."
Manual Arts Cheers. Manual Arts High School's rooting course teaches students the different school yells and their history. The school's main yell is the "Auguman, Durgaman" which goes "Auguman, Durgaman/Rip, Ray, Rah/Manual Arts High School/Zip, Boom, Ah." It is believed that the yell originates on the field after the football player, Ray, yells as he charges; this yell becomes the first line of the main yell. Consequently, Ray loses his uniform trousers and the crowd yells "rah" from the stands; this sets up the second line of the yell. The last line represents the goal, the "bursting shell" and the "final 'Ah' for the success of the aim." The Echo is another yell that is performed in front of the bleachers across the main building. A student figures this structure out and begins spelling the school's name, waiting for the echo before continuing with each letter; two snappy yells of "Manual" follow and then a long "Manual Arts," thus creating this distinctive howl. However, the favorite yells are the sky piercing rocket, which has a long "Whoooooo" followed by "Manual Arts," and the girl's "Say./What?/That's What./What's What?/Manual Arts."
Manual Arts Graduates its Largest Class to Date -- 220 Students! The largest class that has graduated Manual Arts High School so far (220 students) enjoys a week long of special programs prior to the ceremony, including a play, "class day," and a whistling and violin duet. During the diploma ceremony, Colonel Steadman reminds all graduates "not to despair if fame [does] not come, for fame is scattered without a just direction."
Much Needed Day Care Center. Manual Arts High School students are given the opportunity to take care of babies through a nursing center at Castelar Street School. The center is created because many female students miss school to take care of their younger siblings at home while their mothers work. The center's demand is so high that high school nursing students are asked to volunteer. The nurses bathe the children, many of whom live in the streets, and give them milk they raise money for because the pint of milk per day the Board of Education donates is not enough.
Sorority Ban. Principal Housh of Los Angeles High School receives a letter from the National Panhellenic Congress stating that any female high school students that is part of secret organization after January 1916 will not be admitted to national college sororities. College sororities throughout the country agree to the latter and the fear of suspension from school makes most Manual Arts students sign a pledge agreeing to the new rule. One student objects asking Dr. A. E. Wilson to revise the pledge. Dr. Wilson offers "the student two propositions either to sign the card unconditionally or to leave school immediately;" the pledge is signed. Some students are absent for a few days but the reason of absense is unknown, it may be linked to the pledge or it may not.
Fraternity Ban. Manual Arts High School principal Dr. A. E. Wilson announces that students involved in fraternities must sign an anti-fraternity pledge as required by the Board of Education by noon or else they are suspended. Dr. Wilson states "Fraternities have given us littler or no trouble at Manual Arts." Thus, those that show up for class without their signed pledge may dismiss themselves because they will be asked to leave.
Stricter Rules at Manual Arts High School. Because of the increase in truancy at Manual Arts High School, the new rules include the prohibition of getting picked up from and/or dropped off at school in an automobile unless specified by a parent/guardian's note; the prohibition of buying hot dogs, ice cream and popcorn during the school day (vendors are no longer allowed on campus); and a stop on "flirting of all varieties." Two truant students are caught at Exposition Park after they engage in flirtatious behavior with a plainclothes (undercover) policeman; after the officer reveals his badge he escorts them back to school and reports them. "Now, any girl that is not in class at the proper time may expect to have her parents called on the telephone and notified of the fact or if there is no telephone in the house a viceprincipal or truant officer will scurry to the home in an automobile and find out why."
Military Training at Manual Arts High School. Superintendent Shiels issues a recommendation to the Board of Education suggesting that Manual Arts and Hollywood High Schools adopt a one credit Officers' Reserve Corps class. The establishment of such a program at other high schools demonstrates that approximately 650 boys throughout all high schools are interested; 200 of the respondents are students at Manual Arts and Hollywood High Schools. If approved, a two year elective class on military training will be available for students, but once signed up, the completion of the two years becomes a graduation requirement.
Jeanne D'Arc Performed. Students under the direction of Miss Maude P. Howell perform the play "Jeanne d'Arc" for a second time. One hundred students participate in the play and approximately 3,600 people attend it. Manual Arts students perform two or three big plays every year. This play in particular helps students cope with having over 200 of their former graduates in the firing line in France (World War I). Although only seniors, two play castmembers are accepted to the Aviation Corps and consequently do not participate in the special night.

New Night Classes. The overflow in registration at Polytechnic evening school propells a similar program at Manual Arts High School. The evening classes include courses in mechanics, general mechanical work, electrical construction, woodshop and French. The leftover equiptment from the government's emergency war training is used for the evening students. The same program is to be implemented in Jefferson High School "as soon as the lighting system is completed."

There will no longer be any items for sale under 2 cents because of the war.

Fundraising Play. Over 60 students from Manual Arts High School's glee clubs perform the play "Mikado" three nights in a row to fundraise money for new equiptment. The school's orchestra provides the sound and the dramatic department takes care of costumes and make up. The play includes the character Ko-Ko "who is elected to high office in order to wink at bad government and public abuses."
Solemn Graduation. 600 Manual Arts High School students qualify for war training; 240 graduate while 12 lose their lives in combat. During the graduation ceremony the young casualties (Chalmers Pollit, Ward McVicker, Frank Armstrong, Clayton Grant, Leland Sharp, John Edwards, Carlton Henely, Owen Harden, Don Kipt, Leo Nevinson, Gordon Rawley, Thomas Lake) are quietly remembered.
First Jewelry Class in America. The first jewlery manufacturing class in America opens for enrollment at Manual Arts evening school. The Art Metal class taught by Carl B. Johonnot includes the study of "jewlery covering, designing, modeling, shaping, hard and soft soldering, carving, chasing, piecing, polishing, painting, stone setting and enamelling." Other new and upcoming courses include "industrial chemistry, music, vocal and instrumental, millinery, dressmaking, salesmanship, penmanship, business English, shorthand, typewriting and woodwork."
Animal Cruelty Charge. Former president of the Humane Animal Commission, Mrs. Rosamond Mae Wright claims that students at Manual Arts and Polytechinic High Schools witness cruelty against animals through the process of vivisection. Mrs. Chester C. Ashley, a member of the city School Board, asks her to prove this. Mrs. Ashley then explains the difference between dissection and vivisection and ensures that the "study of these two subjects has for its chief aim a humane inspiration, to learn how to heal those who are sick, to teach young women how to be brave nurses and young men how to carry on the magnificent research work of medical science and surgery."
Alumni Raise Scholarship Money. The Manual Arts High School Alumni Association presents the play "Potash and Perimutter" to raise money for their scholarship fund, which has helped six past graduates get through college. More scholarship money is raised on Homecoming Day, when over 3,000 alumni return for a night of dancing, motion-pictures and other entertainment in the school's auditorium.
Manual Arts Faculty Arrested After Failure to Support Family for 3 Months. The father of four separates from his Chicago family three years prior and is unable to pay the monthly support of $75 for the last three months due to taking classes at USC to better himself. At his arrest, H. Albert Anderson has 35 cents.
Babies on Display. On homecoming day a baby show is put on by the Manual Arts High School Alumni Association. All 150 children rep3resent past Manual Arts students ranging from the first graduating class to the current one. Each child is raised up on a table and their name, age and their parent's names are announced although there is no judging of the participants.
Manual Arts homecoming reveals more than 150 babies from alumni!
Manual Arts to Compete in National Constitutional Oratorical Contest. Over 550 students at Manual Arts High School participate in the National Constitutional Oratorical Contest sponsored by The Times. The excitement is so big that special classes throughout Los Angeles' high schools are organized for "the intensive study of the Constitution," and school librarians report that "the shelves containing books pertaining to the Constitution are empty." Furthermore, discussions about the constitution take over the usual sports or moving picture conversations amongst contestants.
Boy's Week. Thomas J. Cunningham, Manual Arts student and last week's Mayor of Los Angeles for a day, states before the Rotary Club at the Biltmore "Until the average citizen shall become as conscientious and as responsible in his attitude and actions as he expect the man in public office to be, we cannot truly call this a government by the people." Today ends the celebration of "Boy's Week," with scheduled "suppers, boxing matches, stunts, athletics, music and entertainment."
Manual Arts graduating class makes a record--320 graduate!
Boys Look After Los Angeles for One Day. Various Manual Arts High School students participate in Boys' Day in Citizenship and look after the city of Los Angeles for one day. The students go directly to the office of the city official they are filling in for and after necessary introductions take care of the day's work.
Suffragist and Manual Arts faculty Mrs. Mila Maynord passes away from heart disease.
Manual Arts ROTC students are inspected by Major E. C. Waddill of the Ninth Corp Area.
Sleeping Tablet Parties. After hearing students discuss sleeping pill parties, concerned faculty contact Susan Dorsey, Superintendent of Los Angeles schools who begins a sweep of the district for narcotic use. Manual Arts quickly cleans up its act, and according to the student body president Lee Donley "There are no students attendnding Manual Arts who use narcotics and that no "dope" or intoxicating liquors can be obtained on the school campus. The students know of no bootleg "joints" near the school and all students are doing everything in their power to unearth all wrongdoing, if such there be."
Manual Arts Celebrates 20th Anniversary. Alumni with their babies celebrate at the school with all day activities and a reunion dinner in the cafeteria.
Manual Arts graduating class makes a record--510 graduate! Graduation ceremonies take place at the Shrine Civic Auditorium.
Student Designers Hold Fashion Show. 50 students from Miss Elizabeth Newkirk and Miss Florence Pierce's classes at Manual Arts High School model the clothes they design after historic models and then sew together.
Alum Lt. General Jimmy Doolittle Donates Military Jacket. The military hero donates his flying jacket complete with ribbons earned during the war for Manual Art's fundraising goal of $400,000 for a Victory Bond campaign.
'Rioting' between black and white youths erupts in the Manual Arts High School neighborhood. 35 teenagers are arrested. After investigation, it is discovered that none of those involved attend Manual Arts High School. Weapons are retrieved including knives. No one is hurt.
Boys Arrested for Pistol Possession. Two boys under the age of 15 are arrested near Manual Arts High School because one of them has a fully loaded .45 automatic pistol. The kids are taken to Juvenile Hall to await an appearance before Superior Judge A. A. Scott, who is scheduled to prosecute 35 other youths.
Manual Arts alum is in charge of the nation's education policies and advises common sense. On a visit home, William Carr, former student and now Secretary of the Education Policies Commission for the United States government warns against those who attack "radical" teachers or texts: "Charges of radical and subversive activities among teachers, except in relatively few cases, are unjustified according to our best information. But regardless of the justice of specific charges, the effect on teachers generally has been most unfortunate. It has made them fearful and bewildered."
Head of Physical Education Department Dies. Miss Mae Baird Gethart, former head of the girls' physical education department at Manual Arts High School, dies at the age of 80.
Controversy erupts at Manual Arts High School after a failing student is allowed to walk at graduation. Principal Robert Denahy's resignation is asked for in response to his poor decision to allow a failing student to participate in graduation ceremonies. Black nationalist Ron Karenga comes to campus and criticism turns to his involvement.
Courtroom Experience for Honor Students. The Barristers, a division of the Beverly Hills Bar Association for attorneys under 35 years of age, starts a program that gives Manual Arts High School honor students an inside look at the law. The American History class includes a visit to the Santa Monica Superior Court along with young attorneys. The judge gives a speech to the students who are then briefed and watch two hours of a criminal trial. The attorneys also help students understand the court system and teach them "to start thinking about what the law is...what the law can do for them." This program aims to show that "the rich man is not the only one who can afford a defense;" there is a way to challenge the law other than by breaking it; and that there are job opportunities in court and law enforcement. The day after the court fieldtrip, a discussion follows and students are encouraged to submit an essay on their experience for the chance to win a trophy.
Manual Arts begins teaching African American history in an honors program. The class begins as an honors program bringing different students from other campuses together. Student Veronica Abney takes the class because, "I felt that being a Negro and not knowing about myself was pretty stupid. In most classes, the Negroes don't even enter into history except as slaves."
Famous Alumni Not the Best Students. Ms. Florence Sprenger, a former English and history teacher at Manual Arts High School dies in her Santa Monica apartment at the age of 84. Ms. Sprenger recalls famous alumni as "by no means stars in the classroom." She remembers that General Jimmy Doolittle "loved to fight, he was so crazy about his boxing and fighting. His mother had quite some problems with him." Eugene Burdick, a Rhodes scholar, "used to get C and D grades and he didn't care...somewhere along the line, [he] found himself." Ms. Sprenger successfully traces the school's history in two volumes entitled "Spirit of the Toilers."
Alumni Sets Junior College National Record. Renita Robinson, Manual Arts class of 1984, sets a national junior college record for women in the triple jump at the California State JC championships. Robinson triple jumps 42 feet 1 1/2 inches at Mt. San Antonio College.
Irving Stone Dies. Irving Stone, best selling Biohistorian and Manual Arts alumni dies at Cedars-Sinai Hospital in Los Angeles at the age of 86. Stone's book "Lust for Life" creates the new art form of "biohistory: the telling of history in terms of the human beings who lived it." His wife assures that he wanted to be remembered "as an author who brought to enormous numbers of people an understanding of men or women whom they would not ordinarily have understood. He would have wanted to complete a tolerance for people who want to do things that are not completely traditional." Some of his work explores the complex characters of Charles Darwin, Vincent van Gogh, Mary Todd Lincoln, Michelangelo and Sigmund Freud.
Prominent Black Republican in Orange County, Alberta Christy cites her time at Manual Arts High School as teaching her tolerance. Christy, who lives in Santa Ana, says she came to Orange County "because it provided a close proximity to the lifestyle I grew up with. When I went to Manual Arts High School in Los Angeles, it was one-third black, one-third white and one-third a mix of Hispanics, Asians and others. There really wasn't any prejudice there, we got along together and learned to judge people on their own ability. I wanted my children to be able to accept people for who they are, not because of their color or creed."
Manual Arts High School Homecoming Grand Marshal is 100 year old alum Juliet Griswold Wilson, who graduated in 1913.Griswold remembers only two buildings, trolleys, no sidewalks and "An enormous field of violets over there, owned by a Japanese couple," she says, gesturing toward the corner of Vermont Avenue and 40th Place, where discount stores crowd the landscape. "And when they were in bloom, you could smell them forever."
Bakersfield begins a celebration of Manual Arts graduate Lawrence Tibbet. Tibbett, who "sold newspapers at the corner of Temple and Hill and ushered a Philharmonic Auditorium" during his high school days is considered America's most famous baritone. Born in Bakersfield in 1896, he performs on Broadway and 6 Hollywood films from the 1920 - 1940s. Bakersfield holds a centenniel celebration in honor of him.
Crispus A. Wright, former student valedictorian donates $2 million dollars to the University of Southern California Law School to set up a scholarship for African American and minority students. "We don't climb that ladder to success alone," he tells the Sentinel in a recent interview, "We stand on the shoulders of hundreds who have sacrificed and paved the way for us and what better way to repay those brave and wonderful souls than to give something back, little or a lot. Just be there for somebody whether morally or lending financial support" Wright advises.
The Studio visits Ms. Hanson's 1st and 2nd Periods.